Experimental and Numerical Study of Viscoelastic Properties of Polymeric Interlayers Used for Laminated Glass: Determination of Material Parameters
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An accurate material representation of polymeric interlayers in laminated glass panes has proved fundamental for a reliable prediction of their response in both static and dynamic loading regimes. This issue is addressed in the present contribution by examining the time–temperature sensitivity of the shear stiffness of two widely used interlayers made of polyvinyl butyral (TROSIFOL BG R20) and ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVALAM 80-120). To that end, an experimental program has been executed to compare the applicability of two experimental techniques, (i) dynamic torsional tests and (ii) dynamic single-lap shear tests, in providing data needed in a subsequent calibration of a suitable material model. Herein, attention is limited to the identification of material parameters of the generalized Maxwell chain model through the combination of linear regression and the Nelder–Mead method. The choice of the viscoelastic material model has also been supported experimentally. The resulting model parameters confirmed a strong material variability of both interlayers with temperature and time. While higher initial shear stiffness was observed for the polyvinyl butyral interlayer in general, the ethylene-vinyl acetate interlayer exhibited a less pronounced decay of stiffness over time and a stiffer response in long-term loading.
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