A Fluxgate Current Sensor With an Amphitheater Busbar
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Large dc and ac electric currents are often measured by open-loop sensors without a magnetic yoke. A widely used configuration uses a differential magnetic sensor inserted into a hole in a flat busbar. The use of a differential sensor offers the advantage of partial suppression of fields coming from external currents. Hall sensors and AMR sensors are currently used in this application. In this paper, we present a current sensor of this type that uses novel integrated fluxgate sensors, which offer a greater range than magnetoresistors and better stability than Hall sensors. The frequency response of this type of current sensor is limited due to the eddy currents in the solid busbar. We present a novel amphitheater geometry of the hole in the busbar of the sensor, which reduces the frequency dependence from 15% error at 1 kHz to 9%.
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