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dc.contributor.advisorSvoboda, Tomáš
dc.contributor.advisorZimmermann, Karel
dc.contributor.authorPetříček, Tomáš
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-13T13:16:57Z
dc.date.available2017-12-13T13:16:57Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10467/73563
dc.description.abstractThe thesis presents several results in the area of 3D perception, with focus on combining learning and planning in active 3D mapping. Autonomous robots, including those deployed in search and rescue operations or autonomous vehicles, must build and maintain accurate representations of the surroundings to operate e ciently and safely in human environment. These representations, or maps, should encompass both low-level information about geometry of the scene and high-level semantical information, including recognized categories or individual objects. In the rst part we propose a method of 3D object recognition based on matching local invariant features, which is further extended for 3D point cloud registration task and evaluated on challenging real-world datasets. The method builds on a multi-stage feature extraction pipeline composed of sparse keypoint detection to reduce complexity of further stages, establishing local reference frames as a means to achieve invariance with respect to rigid transformations without sacri cing descriptiveness of the underlying 3D shape, and a compact description of the shape based on area-weighted normal projections. For a moderate overlap between the laser scans, the registration method provides a superior registration accuracy compared to state-of-the-art methods including Generalized ICP, 3D Normal-Distribution Transform, Fast Point-Feature Histograms, and 4-Points Congruent Sets. In the second part, two tasks from the area of active 3D mapping are being solved| namely, simultaneous exploration and segmentation with a mobile robot in a search and rescue scenario, and active 3D mapping using a sensor with steerable depth-measuring rays, with applications in autonomous driving. For these tasks, we assume that the localization is provided by an external source. In the simultaneous exploration and segmentation task, we consider a mobile robot exploring an unknown environment along a known path, using a static panoramic sensor providing RGB and depth measurements, and controlling a narrow eld-of-view thermal camera mounted on a pan-tilt unit. The task is to control the sensor along the path to maximize accuracy of segmentation of the surroundings into human body and background categories. Since demanding optimal control does not allow for online replanning, we rather employ the optimal planner o ine to provide guiding trajectories for learning a CNN-based control policy in a guided Q-learning framework. A policy initialization is proposed which takes advantage of a special structure of the task and allows e cient learning of the policy. In the active 3D mapping task, our method simultaneously learns to reconstruct a dense 3D occupancy map from sparse measurements and optimizes the reactive control of depth-measuring rays. We propose a fast prioritized greedy algorithm to solve the control subtask online, which needs to update the cost function in only a small fraction of possible rays in each iteration. An approximation ratio of the algorithm is derived. We experimentally demonstrate, using publicly available KITTI dataset, that accuracy of the 3D improves signi cantly when learning-to-reconstruct is coupled with the optimization of depth measuring rays.cze
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleCoupled Learning and Planning for Active 3D Mappingen
dc.typedisertační prácecze
theses.degree.disciplineUmělá inteligence a biokybernetika
theses.degree.grantorČeské vysoké učení technické v Praze. Fakulta elektrotechnická. Katedra kybernetiky
theses.degree.programmeElektrotechnika a informatika


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