Separation of Minor Actinides from Lanthanides Using Immobilized Ligand Systems: The Role of the Counterion
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A CyMe4-BTPhen functionalized silica gel that selectively extracts Am(III) over Eu(III) from 4 M HNO3 with a separation factor > 154 has been developed. Evidence is presented that the counterion surrounding the M(III) in the proposed 1:1 [BTPhen:M(III)] complex plays an important role in the complexation of Am(III) and Eu(III).