High-pressure flank cooling and chip morphology in turning Alloy 718
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The use of cutting fluids is commonly considered a necessity while machining Heat Resistant Super Alloys (HRSA). Specifically, cutting fluids applied under high-pressure, which for many decades have been the solution for the most demanding applications. The results might be diverse and vary between applications, but typically leads to improved tool life, enhanced chip breakability, lower temperature in the cutting zone and better surface quality of the finished product. The available high-pressure cutting fluid delivery systems are usually designed with the intention to improve the cutting fluid penetration at the vicinity of the cutting edge on the rake face side of the insert. However, there has been limited interest in investigating high-pressure cutting fluid applied to its flank face. Both specifically and in combination with cutting fluid directed to the rake face. In this study, the focus has been to investigate the chip formation process during the turning of Alloy 718 (Inconel 718). Particularly, for a defined turning operation where high-pressure cutting fluid is applied to the flank side as well as the rake side of an uncoated carbide insert. Several combinations of pressure levels and jet directions were investigated. The corresponding effects on the tool-chip contact zone and chip characteristics were studied for two cutting speeds. The results of the investigation showed a substantial improvement in lowering the tool-chip contact area at a rake pressure of 16 MPa. At which pressure, additional cutting fluid applied to the flank at a moderate pressure of 8 MPa had no dominant effect on chip formation (chip break). However, flank cooling of the cutting zone supports chip segmentation and thus indirectly chip breakability. For cutting fluid applied to the rake side at a more moderate pressure of 8 MPa, more prominent effects on the insert became apparent when additional cutting fluid was applied to the flank side.
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