Improvement of Voltage Profile and Mitigation of Power Losses in Case of Faults Using DG Units
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Distributed generation (DG) units has become an essential part of the smart grid due to increased penetration of renewable energy sources. These units help to improve power quality according to their position and control. Grids could face unexpected faults which affects power quality most especially voltage profile and power losses. This paper presents the potential application of (DG) units as a solution for improving voltage profile and mitigating power losses in loop distribution systems in case of faults for different positions of DG unit. Load flow analysis of a 66/20 kV distribution line network is performed to calculate the various values of voltage and power flow at each bus for different faults in each position of DG unit. Simulation of this distribution substation network with DG units have been developed in the MATLAB/Simulink Environment. The objective of this study is enhancement of voltage profile at various buses and the improvement in power flows in the distribution network with reduction in branch losses in the presence of fault.
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